Before the establishment of the perfect dog breed to accompany hunters during fox hunting, it was almost impossible to capture foxes that run back to their lairs. Even the Fox Hounds that are reliable and keen hunting companions were not courageous enough to chase after these preys in to these dark burrows. Because of this concern, the Fox Terrier has been developed and fox hunting since started to be much successful than before.
Fox Terriers, now and then, had been known to be excellent fox hunters. They have small bodies, unparalleled strength, and a potent fighting spirit and these allowed them to chase down foxes in to their burrows. Only the Fox Terriers were brave and skilled enough to fight with the foxes inside the dark and narrow lairs and most of the time, they win.
In 19th century, the term Fox Terrier was used as a collective term for a group of dogs that are used for fox hunting. Today, when you say Fox Terriers, it represents two varieties namely the Smooth Fox Terrier and the Wire Fox Terrier. In fact, countries like Australia calls these breed varieties as the Standard Fox Terriers in order to avoid confusion.
However, the ancestral line of the Fox Terrier does not end with its two varieties because in other countries where the popularity of the Fox Terrier has reached, different offshoot of it came in to being. There are the Japanese Terrier, Chilean Fox Terrier, Tenterfield Terrier, Brazilian Terrier and more. Moreover, there are now smaller versions of the Fox Terrier varieties and they are the Miniature Fox Terrier and Toy Fox Terrier.
As a whole, the Fox Terriers are noted for being quiet and fantastic in character. They are called “jumpy dogs” as they love jumping on to surfaces and in to the arms of humans. They can be quite stubborn but they are also gentle and amiable towards other animals.
The Fox Terriers are also known for being excessively playful, loving, and enthusiastic. They are always in a sunny mood, are brave and highly docile since they can learn tricks pretty fast. Looking at them, they show off an elegant, stylish and intelligent aura.
The Wire Fox Terrier have a dense, broken to the touch, and wiry coat while the Smooth Fox Terrier has a smooth, dense, hard and flat coat. Except for their differently textured coats, these Fox Terrier varieties are almost the same in everything. Additionally, aside from being excellent fox hunters, they also have strong jaws, well-formed teeth, great strength and fearless spirit.
The height for this breed ranges between 13 to 16 inches and the weight ranges from 13 to 20 pounds. The coat colors are often seen in tan, black and tan, black and white, and markings of white to any of these combinations. The first listed Fox Terrier in a kennel club was Foiler in 1875.