You may not know that the Samoyed is both a breed of dogs and a tribe of people. Both originated in the harsh conditions of the Siberian wilderness. The people required a dog that could survive the harsh conditions and the dog breed that was developed fit those needs. But these weren’t companion dogs – they were needed to be a working part of the community’s quest for survival. The Samoyed dogs were trained to pull sleds and to take care of other chores for these people who depended on hunting and fishing for survival.

By contrast, the Samoyed of today are largely a pampered group of dogs, though many are still used for pulling sleds in the colder regions. Their ability and willingness to learn tasks like pulling make them excellent as obedience and show dogs – not to mention the beautiful all-white coat!

That coat was the main reason the Samoyed of centuries ago were able to function in the severe conditions of their people. They have a soft outer coat, but they also have a fine, thick undercoat that does an excellent job of keeping the Samoyed warm during cold weather. It also means that you should limit the amount of outdoor exercise in warmer weather. The coat prohibits the Samoyed from letting off heat, making heat stroke a real possibility.

While this means you probably shouldn’t choose a Samoyed if you live in an overly-warm climate, it’s important to note that these dogs thrive indoors. If they don’t get outside often, they’ll usually find ways to get the exercise they need – and to be content while accomplishing this. If you have sufficient room for them to get in some playtime indoors, they’ll usually do well.

One great thing about the Samoyed is that it tends to like the entire family, even though it becomes a special companion to one or two people – usually those who play, feed, and work with it most. That makes it a good family pet because this dog will be pals with those children who don’t have a lot of time invested in making the dog their own. As a breed, the Samoyed is typically very accepting of new people – they’ll probably bark at strangers but will often engage in playtime with them as well.

The Samoyed, though a fun-loving friend that will certainly enjoy playtime, is often a very dignified dog. If you think he’s being overly serious, take a second look at those ears that are usually very alert and the eyes that simply shine with a love of life.

  • Adaptable, Friendly, Gentle
  • AKC Breed Popularity: Ranks 59 of 191
  • Height: 21-23.5 inches (male), 19-21 inches (female)
  • Weight: 45-65 pounds (male), 35-50 pounds (female)
  • Life Expectancy: 12-14 years
  • Group: Working Group 

Samoyed Club of America

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